Brixton-Pound-10-front-actual21-300x225As noted in prior posts, context is critically important in the customer experience equation– and localized currency is one of the more interesting new examples. A development emerging in the sea of similar commentary on 2015 being the “year of the mobile wallet” is taking place in an area in South London. The Brixton Pound is an initiative launched in 2009 that is a “complementary currency” which acts as an alternative localized currency, but nonetheless is derived from the value of the British Sterling. Hence the term “complementary”, versus pure crypto-currencies, an example of this being Bitcoin. Its larger aim is to encourage and empower commerce and connect small merchants with neighborhood customers via an alternative localized currency.

From a customer experience perspective, what is notable is the recent announcement that the Brixton Pound will be have near-field communication (NFC) functionality, allowing it to communicate with other nearby smart devices, as well as mobile beacon support by early in 2015 (prior mobile payments initiatives were via SMS). As has been well-documented, the evolution of the mobile wallet is now getting a major push with the latest iteration from Apple, while Google, PayPal, Square and so on has been in the NFC game for some time now, however less so in the beacon space. Apple Pay, with NFC enabled in the new 6 platform, might be the “game changer” that really pushes this well-documented movement forward. Recent data has attributed already a 1% market share through Apple Pay, despite the fact the technology has only been recently introduced to the market and requires the latest iPhone to use.

Why is this important in the context of the Brixton Pound? Large global bricks and mortar retailers have long looked at digital-based competitors such as Amazon as a constant threat due to their customer insight and ability to scale, and the fear of “show rooming”. But, in this age, new competitors can emerge in areas unforeseen, with surprises coming even from the small local merchant market. The combination of a local alternative currency, a mobile phone NFC-based payment system, and the hyper-local insight provided by Bluetooth LE based solutions such as Apple’s iBeacon, and platforms, including inMarket, can become a truly disruptive force coming from unexpected quarters.

It’s a matter of trust

As has been noted, currency in any format is fundamentally based on trust, whether that trust lie in the global central banking model set up after World War II via the Bretton Woods system or in scarcity commodities based models such as gold, which Bitcoin mimics in its algorithms.

In the local context, trust is also a major factor, albeit of a different kind. Trust that the merchant knows the customer’s needs, trust that the customer knows the merchant’s values or quality, with traditional currencies only being the facilitator of the transaction. Alternative localized currency, such as the Brixton Pound, can be more than facilitators, but rather, enablers of customer engagement, a force for local economic development, and even alignment with wider political goals reflecting the values of the locality. For the Brixton retailer, the merchant likely has more insight into the particular needs of its customer base, especially when that customer is a known factor using the alternative localized currency. Large global companies invest millions on gaining and scaling exactly this same customer insight in order to establish the type of relationship that the small local merchant retains every day. What has been an impediment to the Brixton Pound, and with currencies in general, is ultimately trust in the currency itself, which by the way, has great logos!

However, the introduction of new ways to transact via what we carry in our wallets, combined with new developments in proximity-based insight via beacon technology, bring fundamental shifts to this trust relationship. Reliable and transparent models are in place to ensure customers have faith in new currencies. Recent data suggest this is not a small technology shift. inMarket, a firm that scales beacon technology across location-based networks of retailers, revealed a studythat demonstrated at 20-times increase in purchase intent as a result of its platform.

Put these components in place, combined with an alternative localized currency, deep local knowledge of individual preferences, and the context of the transaction, and the “trust” equation is in place. Business models, like inMarket, that scale their services across a variety of merchants, small and large, has the potential to challenge the global players in the race for wallet share. Small merchants, tied to deep historical and localized knowledge of individual preferences, now have abilities to leverage such platforms to scale in combination with others in the area.

The Brixton Pound initiative is evolving. With these technology shifts taking place in mobile, it should be a very interesting year to witness how digital wallets, proximity-based insight, and network-based beacon platforms tied to a specific set of local merchants could transform the small business and consumer relationship, and ultimately impact the strategies and technologies of the global retailers. From an enterprise perspective, the competitive landscape may no longer be primarily among the global participants, it may also include micro-networks of community based merchants as well. Perhaps a “Brooklyn Dollar” is in the works?

Note: this post first appeared in TCS Enterprise Insights here.

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Rapid consumer adoption of mobile devices is changing customer engagement, enabling the power of context-based interactions. Legacy local and social interaction models are now becoming hyper-local and hyper-relevant social models. As noted in prior posts, context is increasingly the foundation of the next wave of customer engagement.

Moreover, the focus on micro-contextualizing the barrage of data customers receive each day, the long standing customer engagement goals of ensuring the right person receives the right message at the appropriate time and location, are now becoming technologically a reality with the increasing number of mobile and social solutions being adopted. The ability to create seamless, end-to-end, functional integration out of these touch points will be a critical success factor for future customer engagement strategies. In turn, this will require deep analysis of customer interactions via tools such as customer journey mapping and associated big data analytics tools to gain understanding on when, what, and how to engage the new mobile customer.

As we plan our holiday travels, let’s take developments in the automotive sector as an example. Google’s 1.1 billion acquisition of Waze last year is a clear indicator that the race for localized, context based information to increase driver engagement is a key piece of its “localization at scale” strategy. Andy Elwood, Director of Business Development at Waze has publicly agreed stating that “context is the new search”.

Further down the road 

Another interesting play is Gas Station TV. It started as a pilot in Dallas and has grown to more than 2,600 stations in 42 states. It was recently acquired in June by Rockbridge Growth Equity for an undisclosed sum. According to the CEO Leider, “We like to say that our consumer is tied to our screen with an eight-foot rubber hose for about five minutes fueling. So we’ve got this very, very captive audience — and they’re bored … when people pump gas they have nothing to do.”

Through Gas Station TV’s contextualized information pushed to a captive customer base, their service becomes an extremely valuable marketing proposition for the automotive industry, in addition to nearby large and small businesses.

Tie that together with the recent Songza purchase by Google, a music service that relies on combining contextual algorithms and human curation, we are beginning to see the elements of functional, seamless integration of various touch points being put in place. This is no longer simply a vision based on vaporware. Right now, on your holiday driving journeys, you can expertly navigate the traffic jams via the Waze crowd sourced app, take advantage of personalized and relevant offers while filling up via the Gas Station TV. Once finished, you can turn on the music and receive contextualized music related to your personal interests, time of day, weather, and geography.

As noted earlier, customer experience complexities lie in tapping deep expertise in designing the right customer journey to fit the right functional integration of the various touch points, channels and services, and, critically, when, how, and where the customer interacts with these interactions. The advantages of this integration are clear to the customer. The advantages to the technology enabled business ecosystem supporting this integration is also becoming increasingly clear to market leaders. The question lies in whether you are driving your business in this direction, or are perhaps stuck in neutral? Happy travels!

This post first appeared on TCS Enterprise Insights.

The next major battlefront in technology will take place in your living room… and your dining room, kitchen, bathroom, garage…. The major players in both hardware and software – Apple, Microsoft, Google, Samsung, Amazon – are all taking position in the field, getting ready to square off. All of these big guns have already made their way into the home through gaming and entertainment, whether on console platforms or via the mobile device that never leaves your side. This has created a beachhead to give access to the whole home ecosystem, enabling them to drive deeper into the home and providing them with deeper customer insight they can deploy across their entire relationship with the consumer across every kind of device.

The major players in both hardware and software are aiming to gain access to the whole home ecosystem and deepen their relationship with the consumer across every kind of device.Let’s look at some of the recent moves the combatants have made that are changing the game of customer experience:

  • Apple announced HomeKit, a set of tools that will let users easily control home devices (heating and cooling appliances, refrigerators, lights, webcams, security systems and so on) from their iPhone or iPad.
  • Google acquired Nest’s sleek smart thermostat system, and is moving rapidly toward an integrated strategy that will extend its presence across the home ecosystem through Google Wear, Glass and Watch.
  • Samsung just announced the acquisition of home automation start-up SmartThings.
  • Amazon is buying Twitch, an online video platform and community for gamers where people discuss games or watch others as they play.

What is all this activity really about? Context. Individually, products alone provide singular features and offer value within their respective functions, whether that is a thermostat, security, time, or gaming. But combined, the way the parts work together create sources of customer value far beyond their individual use. In a way, these tech companies are trying to avoid themistakes made by the U.S. railroad industry in the mid-20th century. Railroad companies focused on their product (trains) rather than on the context that customers had for them (transportation). As a result, railroads were basically kicked to the curb as people flocked to the cars and highways that still form the main transportation arteries throughout the U.S.

To succeed, companies need the ability to create customer value in a multi-contextual world. Simply put, context is king. The ability to create more and more channels to enter the ecosystem, whether via mobile apps, home sensors, and games, creates a competitive advantage and, as a whole, a frictionless customer experience. Crucially, these services need to be designed with a holistic view, as the value of the ecosystem is both a competitive necessity and an emerging customer expectation of seamless integration. Moreover, you will see that many of these services come at a very low price point as free mobile applications allow companies to create a hub of customer value and, just as important, opportunities for ecosystem end to end value for businesses.

In this battle, there is another front opening as well in terms of whether this will evolve via open standards, such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) – with many services supporting multiple platforms – or be tightly woven to the provider’s ecosystem. Samsung has clearly opted for theopen integration model, while other players are experimenting with both approaches.

How will this affect enterprise customer experience strategies? An ecosystem of various capabilities, seamlessly linked, has the potential to break down both product focused siloes, increase customer value and create greater top line revenues than the disparate parts. Perhaps most important, it could create a competitive barrier, or at least an innovation stop-gap, to keep up with the continuously changing customer technology landscape.

The lines in the sand are taking shape!  Where do you want to be?  Most important, which side is vital for your success?

(Note: this post first appeared on TCS Enterprise Insights)

From Facebook’s acquisition of Oculus VR to Apple’s acquisition of Beats, major tech companies have been making headlines this year as they buy into new technologies more closely associated with gaming and entertainment than with their core businesses. What’s the play here and what can enterprises – which can seem so far removed from consumer tech – learn from it?

The enterprise industry can learn a lot about customer engagement from from the gaming world.The answer lies with the customer. Gaming-focused tech is creating new consumer expectations that go far beyond just playing games. It is offering businesses new ways to engage with customers, learn about their needs and desires and better meet their changing demands. This customer insight, in turn, provides new business opportunities outside of the gaming sector. For example, Oculus is a wearable technology that offers a more immersive gaming experience, but it can also show Facebook what consumers look at and how, in a particular context. Beats uses sophisticated algorithms and curation to present listeners with personalized music playlists – while simultaneously gleaning insights into consumer preferences and crucially, the hundreds of millions of iTunes user credit card accounts that Apple can leverage for cross-sell and up-sell.

Clearly these technologies have broader consumer applications beyond their originally-intended purpose. But exciting possibilities lie ahead as consumer-led strategies impact the enterprise space. As consumers become more familiar and comfortable with gaming technology that tracks their every move or anticipates what they want, they are increasingly going to expect the same sort of immediacy when dealing with all kinds of businesses. For example imagine how virtual reality technology could transform the brick-and-mortar retail experience so that customers could ‘show-room’ and shop online simultaneously. When applied within the enterprise, gaming technology, alongside rapid consumer adoption, could fundamentally change go-to-market strategies, redefine customer engagement principles and open up a whole new world of data to drive customer experience for businesses.

Another recent move in the use of gaming technology went more under the radar, but is just as interesting. Microsoft announced in May that it will decouple the Kinect motion sensor technology from its Xbox One gaming console. While some analysts view this as an admission by Microsoft that consumers are not interested in paying for motion sensor technology, I see it quite differently. It’s a step towards a broad Microsoft home ecosystem, similar to what Google hopes to accomplish through its Nest acquisition, centered around technology that can understand your physical context and use that knowledge to determine what your needs are or will be. Being able to anticipate what a customer wants, before they know they want it, will be a customer engagement game-changer.

Introducing a new consumer technology always challenges companies to make the jump from “wow, that’s cool,” to “hey, this is useful.” But there’s a history of technologies developed for one purpose developing applications far beyond the original. Look at your smartphone to see many examples: an accelerometer originally intended as a gaming option has become the basis of fitness and many other apps; voice recognition that has languished in the PC world has found a home in the smartphone; and the smartphone itself is the descendant of a simpler device that, believe it or not, was once intended only as a way to make voice calls. Some innovative technologies take a while to find their destiny, while others catch on immediately. The clear lesson, however, is that a forward-looking company needs to consider each new capability to explore if and how, it can help the company meet customers on their own terms.

In future posts I will consider other ways in which consumer tech innovation, like Nest and the high-profile Google Glass, will impact the enterprise. For now, I’ll leave you with this parting thought. Gaming technology is creating a new set of customer expectations across the board – can you afford to ignore it?

(Note: this post first appeared on TCS Enterprise Insights)

The emergence of the social customer, business, and partner value chain, alongside the rapid growth of social media channels to enable businesses to extend their customer engagement operations in ways never available before has also caused as many problems as it has generated significant new benefits.

The market has witnessed multiple vendors with various Social CRM solutions without a deep focus on current enterprise CRM investments from prior waves. New social analytics tightly woven to the vendor offering to determine sentiment, influence external to business intelligence enterprise tools, the rise of new social work flows gaps inside the business to link community and content search optimization, category aggregation, tablets, mobility, technology connectors, propriety lock-in platforms for businesses strategically navigate in their customer IT strategy, and so on.

Ironically, all the above new complexity and noise (and there is more) can be boiled down to two simple trends we have witnessed in the last decade:

1. Enterprise CRM operations from earlier waves have remained fairly static or have become fragmented organizationally by channel or unit, leading to the growth of technology, business, and data silos internally and a decrease in enterprise coordination around the end customer needs and channels.

2. The networked customer increasingly influences a larger portion of the business relationship across sales, service, and marketing outside of the current enterprise customer operations and expects the business, in turn, to interact in a unified fashion, without regard to channel or business touch point.

These two mega trends have ignited a firestorm of activity across the vendor landscape, be it in software (legacy and start up), platform exchanges, tablets and smart phones, developer partner communities and collaboration, new SI and vendor alliances, and more.

Unlike the CMO driven Social Media initiatives that are in various stages of deployment, the market for Social CRM and associated enterprise CRM intersections between social and operational is still in its nascent stages. Identification of the most suitable solutions, best-in-class practices, silo avoidance, private and public cloud architectural implications, and the appropriate enterprise hybrid technology mix for organizations remains greenfield (while Gartner pegs this sub-sector in CRM to be 1B in 2011, data on the ground appears to indicate otherwise).

This hesitancy has a solid rationale. Unlike the current initiatives creating Social Media COE’s and such, Social CRM has much higher implications for enterprise front office operations, involving thousands resources, organizational constraints, business and legal implications. Its what happens once an enterprise acts on the social insight.

There are a few pioneering vendors that have been able to prove their capabilities and are pursuing a ‘suite’ position in this market. Yet there is a lot of duplication (and major gaps) in the functionality, and, more important, none can claim to replace existing enterprise CRM with new social CRM solutions for the existing enterprise CRM market (that is without creating yet another Social CRM silo). Rather, an integration, hub-spoke, division based, or combination of the above is the sales model approach witnessed, with low risk POC or assessment types of engagements occurring alongside.

Moreover, there is no one vendor that ‘does it all’, unlike prior ‘feature wars’ from the earlier CRM era. As a result the entire evaluation process is fundamentally different, involving stakeholders from Finance (CAPEX vs. OPEX), Technology (Multi-Tenancy, Off Premise vs. On Premise, and SOA implications), Business (Field Adoption, Mobility, and Time to Benefits Realization), and other units, such as PR, reviewing against a completely new set of parameters.

The above considerations are critical in the Business and IT investment decision (or lack thereof, with often today a preference to postpone given the state of the market). Yet, business leaders navigating their future customer strategies, full due diligence is required now more than ever before to be positioned now for rapid execution. Businesses are completing due diligence efforts as the recognition of the need for change, even with the highest ‘noise to signal’ ratio seen in the CRM sector for years, will not abate in the coming years and competitive attrition is around the corner. Rather, indicators on ‘noise to signal’ are that it will only increase.

Without new customer engagement models envisioned that can be operationalized in the enterprise front office, and a plan to harness the benefits of change, sitting on the sidelines, ‘waiting for the dust to settle’, is not an option.

Traditional CRM tools could previously claim to capture most of the customer interaction channels, whether it was a face to face sales visit or a call center call to the 1-800 number. This data was then used in forecasting and analysis on front office effectiveness analysis.

Today, what was perhaps 80-90% of the customer interaction is rapidly shrinking as customers moved to external customer support blogs and sales insight is derived from the latest networking analytics tools.

What does this mean to business? Most that have not begun to look into closing this gap will increasingly be ‘running with blinders’. Forecasts will inaccurate, and support issues managed in the external support sites will be unseen to the business. From the business’ perspective, this could be seen as a shortening of the sales cycle, or a rapid ‘fire drill’ to a support issue.

This is an incorrect viewpoint. What has really occurred is a transfer to the same activities to other tools, forums, and sites. This transfer has moved to the control of the customer.

To close this current CRM gap, companies will need to how best assess integrating Social CRM into their CRM infrastructure so that they are engaging the customer where the interaction is occurring. While the Social CRM niche vendor landscape has changed, the metrics remain the same. What is critical is how best to navigate the new landscape to realign metrics and regain business benefits.

The traditional sales pipeline model no longer holds in the new socially networked sales pipeline. What was once a well defined funnel of prospecting, needs evaluation, and solution selling has now become a networked sourced sales activity within many companies today prior to initiating contact with vendors. This had lead to both shortening of the sales cycle and a disconnected sales, sometime frustrating, interaction for both parties. For those companies not understanding the new networked customer and engaging where the conversations are occurring externally, the traditional pipeline building activity of buyer and seller alignment has collapsed.

Combined with the current global economic environment, this loss of forecast predictability only adds to uncertainty in sales management.

The net result of this trend has implications for both buyers and sellers. Companies that cannot connect with the new socially driven sales process will be in a poor position to respond to perceived ‘last minute’ customer inquiries when in fact due diligence has been completed on the buyer side. As the networked customer has assumed more aspects of the traditional sales cycle than has been the historical precedent, businesses must also adapt. Those companies that can bridge the current disconnect and engage the customer wherever the social sales conversations are happening, will be best positioned to win.